NCERT Solutions for Class 6th Social Science-History: Chapter 2: On The Trial of the Earliest People

Question 1: Fill in the blanks:

a. Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because ————————.

Answer: they provided shelter from rain, heat and wind

b. Grasslands developed around ———————— years ago.

Answer: 12,000

c. Early people painted on the ———————— of caves.

Answer: walls

d. In Hunsgi, tools were made of ————————.

Answer: stones

Question 2: Look at the present-day political map of the Indian subcontinent. Find out the states where Bhimbetka, Hunsgi and Kurnool are located.

Answer: Bhimbetka is in Madhya Pradesh, Hunsgi is in Karnataka and Kurnool is in Andhra Pradesh.

Question 3: Why did the hunter-gatherers travel from place to place? In what ways are these similar to/different from the reasons for which we travel today?

Answer: Hunter-gatherers traveled from place to place in search of food. Once food resources at a place were exhausted, they needed to go to a new place. Now-a-days; people travel for various purposes. Some people travel because they enjoy travelling. Some people travel to meet relatives and friends on special occasions. Some people travel as a part of their work. Some people travel to explore new places.

Question 4: What tools would you use today for cutting fruit? What would they be made of?

Answer: We use knife for cutting fruit. Knives are made of steel.

Question 5: List three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire. Would you use fire for any of these purposes today?

Answer: Three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire are as follows:

  • For cooking
  • For warding off wild animals
  • For clearing forest

Yes, today also we use fire for cooking purpose.

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