NCERT Solutions for Class 6th Social Science-History: Chapter 9: Vital Villages,Thriving Towns

Question 1: Fill in the blanks:

a. ———————— was a word used for large landowners in Tamil.

Answer: Vellalar

b. The gramabhojaka often got his land cultivated by the ————————

Answer: dasa karmakara

c. Ploughmen were known as ———————— in Tamil.

Answer: Uzhavar

d. Most grihapatis were ———————— landowners.

Answer: Small

Question 2: Describe the functions of the gramabhojaka. Why do you think he was powerful?

Answer: The gramabhojaka had the authority to collect taxes from other farmers. He also served the function of a judge and sometimes, that of a policeman. He was the biggest landowner in the village and exercised many powers. Hence, he was very powerful in the village.

Question 3: List the crafts persons who would have been present in both villages and cities.

Answer: Carpenter, ironsmith, potter, weaver, etc.

Question 4: Choose the correct answer:

(1) Ring wells were used for:

  1. bathing
  2. washing clothes
  3. irrigation
  4. drainage

Answer: (4) Drainage

(2) Punch marked coins were made of:

  1. silver
  2. gold
  3. tin
  4. ivory

Answer: (1) silver

(3) Mathura was an important:

  1. village
  2. port
  3. religious centre
  4. forested area

Answer: (3) religious centre

(4) Shrenis were associations of:

  1. rulers
  2. crafts persons
  3. farmers
  4. herders

Answer: (2) crafts persons

Question 5: Which of the iron tools shown on page 87 (NCERT Book) would have been important for agriculture? What would the other tools have been used for?

Answer: Sickle was more important for agriculture. Axe could be used for chopping wood. Tongs could be used in kitchen or by ironsmith; to hold a hot item.

Question 6: Compare the drainage system in your locality with that of the cities mentioned in the lesson. What similarities and differences do you notice?

Answer: The modern drainage system is made of pipes. Pipes can be made of plastic, concrete or metal. In the cities (in this lesson), the drainage was made by many rings which were stacked over one another. The rings also made a tube-like structure. Use of tubes and ceramic are the similarities. Use of rings in those cities is the difference.

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